Tube Baby

WHAT IS TUBE BABY (IVF)?

It is called In Vitro Fertilization in the medical literature. Treatment of genetic infertility problems.

 It is the process of fertilizing the ovule in the womb in the laboratory and placing the fertilized ovule back in the womb.

WHY I NEED IVF?

Ovulation disorders,

Obstruction of tube ducts

Ovarian failure

Benign tumors

Genetic problems

WHAT ARE RISKS?

Multiple Births

Early birth

Pain

Bleeding

Social stress

WHAT ARE THE DETAILS OF THE OPERATION?

Ovarian reserve test is performed.

Sperm test analysis

Infectious disease screening

Fake ovule transfer

Uterine cavity examination

Ovule intake

Ovule intake can be done 34 to 36 hours after the last injection in your doctor's office or clinic and before ovulation.

During the intake of Ovule, sedative and pain medication will be given.

Transvaginal ultrasound aspiration is the usual method of intake. An ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina to identify the follicles. A thin needle is then inserted into the ultrasound guide to pass through the vagina and placed in the follicles to remove the Ovule.

If your ovaries cannot be reached by transvaginal ultrasound, abdominal surgery or laparoscopy - a small incision placement near your belly and a fine imaging device (laparoscope) placement procedure - can be used to guide the needle.

The Ovules are removed from the follicles by means of a needle attached to a suction device. Multiple eggs can be removed in about 20 minutes.

Once the ovules are taken, you may experience cramping and feeling of filling or pressure.

Mature ovules are placed in a nutrient liquid and incubated. Healthy and mature ovules are mixed with sperm to try to create embryos. However, not all ovules can be fertilized successfully.

 

Sperm intake

If you are using your spouse's sperm, it will provide a clinic in your doctor's office with a semen sample or masturbation on the morning of ovule collection. Sometimes other methods, such as testicular aspiration - the use of the needle or surgical procedure to remove the sperm directly from the testis are sometimes necessary. Donor sperm can also be used. The sperm is separated from the semen fluid in the laboratory.

Fertilization

Fertilization can be tried using two common methods:

Insemination: During fertilization, healthy sperm and mature eggs are mixed and incubated overnight.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): In ICSI, a single healthy sperm is injected directly into each healthy egg. ICSI is often used when the quality or number of semen is a problem or when an attempt to fertilize during previous IVF cycles fails.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend other procedures before embryo transfer.

Assisted scanning: Approximately five to six days after fertilization, an embryo will crack the surrounding membrane (zone pellucid) and allow it to enter the inside of the uterus. If you are an elderly woman or have had multiple unsuccessful IVF attempts, your doctor may recommend assisted screening, a technique in which a hole is drilled in the zona pellucida just prior to transfer to assist embryo screening and implant.

 

Preimplantation genetic test. Embryos are typically allowed in the incubator after a five to six-day development until a small sample can be taken and reached a stage where it can be tested for specific genetic diseases or the right number of chromosomes. Embryos not affected genes or chromosomes can be transferred to your uterus. Pre-implantation genetic testing can reduce the likelihood of a parent experiencing a genetic problem, but not the risk. Prenatal testing can still be recommended.

Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer is done in your doctor's office or in a clinic and is usually done two to six days after egg collection.

You can be given a mild sedative. The procedure is usually painless, but you may experience mild cramps.

The doctor or nurse places a long, thin, flexible tube into your vagina, cervix and uterus called a catheter.

A syringe containing one or more embryos suspended in a small amount of liquid is attached to the end of the catheter.

Using the syringe, the doctor or nurse places the embryos in your uterus.

If successful, the embryo is implanted into the lining of your uterus approximately six to 10 days after egg extraction.

HOW IS THE PROCESS?

You can continue your normal daily activities after the embryo transfer.

However, your ovaries can still be enlarged. Avoid strong activities that can cause discomfort.

Typical side effects include:

Passing a small amount of clear or bloody liquid shortly after the procedure - due to the friction of the cervix before embryo transfer

High estrogen levels due to breast sensitivity

Mild swelling

Mild cramp

Constipation

About 12 days to two weeks after the egg is removed, your doctor will test a blood sample to determine if you are pregnant.

If you are pregnant, your doctor will refer you to an obstetrician or another pregnancy specialist for prenatal care.

If you're not pregnant, you'll stop taking progesterone. Contact your doctor if you do not receive your order or if you have unusual bleeding. If you want to try another in vitro fertilization cycle (IVF), your doctor may suggest steps you can take to improve your chances of becoming pregnant through IVF.

 

OTHER FACTORS

The possibility of giving a healthy baby after using a test tube depends on a variety of factors, including:

Mother age:  The younger you are, it is more likely to get pregnant and have a healthy baby during your IVF. It is recommended that women aged 41 and over should consider using donor eggs during IVF to improve their chances of success.

Embryo status: The transfer of more advanced embryos is associated with higher pregnancy rates, compared to less advanced embryos (two or three days). However, not all embryos can survive. Talk to your doctor or another care provider about your particular situation.

Date of reproduction: Pregnant women who have given birth before are more likely to get pregnant by using IVF than women who have never given birth. Success rates are low for women who have used IVF more than once but have not been pregnant.

The cause of infertility: Having a normal egg source increases your chances of getting pregnant using IVF. Women with severe endometriosis are less likely to become pregnant than women with unexplained infertility using IVF.

Lifestyle factors: Women who smoke often get fewer eggs during the IVF and may do it more often. Smoking can reduce a woman's chances of success by 50 percent using IVF. Obesity can reduce your chances of getting pregnant and having a baby. Alcohol use, recreational drugs, excessive caffeine and some drugs are also harmful